… Part of Ukraine in the 1947 Paris Peace Treaty. The Transcarpaths, which returned from Hungary to Czechoslovakia in 1944, were ceded to Ukraine in 1945 by a Czech-Soviet government agreement. In 1945, Ukraine became a founding member of the United Nations and then signed peace treaties… Even after the Korean War (July 27, 1953), after the French withdrawal from Indochina (the Geneva Accords of July 20, 1954 were rejected by the United States) or after the war in Vietnam, peace agreements concluded – only ceasefire agreements – were not put into effect. In the latter case, after five years of negotiations between the United States, North Vietnam, South Vietnam and the National Liberation Front, an agreement was finally reached on January 28, 1973. Although it had the breadth and scope of a peace treaty, it was simply an executive agreement that came into force on the American side with the signature of Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and not after senate approval. Many programmes, each with a number of agreements, were developed in this way: Leihleasing (March 11, 1941-August 21, 1945); bilateral assistance agreements (1945-1948); the Marshall Plan (June 5, 1947), which culminated in the European plan for economic recovery (April 1948); Point 4 (aid to underdeveloped countries, January 20, 1949); and the mutual security programme (replaces the European economic recovery plan). These programs resulted in the signing of hundreds of agreements, some of which were treaties. Sometimes an agreement was considered by the United States and a treaty of the other party as an agreement. This was the case, for example, with the Franco-American mutual aid agreement of January 27, 1950. In the run-up to the Second World War, several treaties and legislative acts were implemented. These treaties, while per may seem harmless, all contributed, in their own way, to the beginning of the war.
In the making of this list, we wanted to present here the ten international treaties that have significantly influenced the direction of international law and led to peaceful relations and positive development. The list does not reflect the political views of the authors. The Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness was adopted on August 30, 1961 and came into force on December 13, 1975. It complements the 1954 Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons and has been the result of more than a decade of international negotiations on the prevention of statelessness. Together, these two treaties form the basis of the international legal framework for combating statelessness, a phenomenon that continues to affect the lives of millions of people around the world. Although the Universal Declaration of Human Rights confirms that every person has the right to a nationality, it does not set the specific nationality to which a person is entitled. This lack of clear rules can lead to statelessness. States therefore developed a series of additional standards, adopted in 1961 in the form of the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness (“The 1961 Convention”), recognizing the need for further international cooperation and an agreement to prevent and reduce statelessness. The 1961 Convention is now the main international instrument that establishes rules for the transfer and non-deprivation of citizenship, in order to avoid cases of statelessness. Two other Council meetings were held in Moscow (March 10-April 24, 1947) and London (November 25-December 1947). These negotiations were interrupted by the adoption by the United States of the containment policy (the Truman Doctrine of 12 March 1947 and the Marshall Plan of 5 June 1947), the creation of the Comin form by the Soviet Union and the growing tensions of the Cold War in 1948 (the Berlin blockade). While this diplomacy was revived sporadically, starting with the Paris conference from 23 May to 20 June 1949, which ended the blockade of Berlin and went on to several summits, it did not lead to peace agreements.
The main concern of the American treaties after the Second World War was security cooperation in a post-war climate, ideological conflicts with the Soviet Union, the bipolarization of the world between these two powers, the destruction of colonial empires and the emergence of nearly ninety new nations, unequal